All employment relationships in Hungary are regulated by the Hungarian Labour Code. It applies to everyone who works in Hungary, regardless of their country of origin or nationality. It also lays down the rights and obligations of employers and employees alike.
A) Right to minimum wage
As an employee in Hungary, you are entitled to a minimum wage. It means that if you work full-time (more than 36 hours a week) you can’t make less than:
B) Right to paid leave
All workers are entitled to a minimum of 20 days of basic leave per year. In addition, extra days off are granted depending on age, number of children and type of work.
C) Right to a safe and healthy work environment
The employer must ensure that the worker is able to work in conditions that are safe and without risk to health.
These include adequate protective equipment, frequent sufficient rest periods, an adequate number of colleagues who are not overworked and a safe environment.
D) Right to quit
Every employee has the right to resign. There are three ways to do this, any of which you have the right to exercise:
-Resign: In this case, there is no need for consent, there does not need to be agreement between the parties to terminate. There is no need to give reasons if the employment relationship is of indefinite duration.
-Termination with immediate effect: This can be used if one of the parties seriously breaches its contractual obligations or engages in conduct incompatible with the employment relationship. In all cases, reasons must be given in writing.
Mutual agreement: In this case, the employee and the employer decide jointly to terminate the employment relationship.
E) Right to paid overtime
Overtime is work in addition to normal working hours, which can only be ordered by the employer in justified cases and is subject to very strict rules. For overtime, the worker is entitled to a 50% bonus on top of their normal wages.
Overtime may be ordered only if it doesn’t lead to the total working hours to exceed:
The total overtime cannot exceed 250 hours a year.
The employee must
A) Right to direct an employee
This means that the employer can direct, instruct and regulate the employee’s behavior during the work.
B) Right to discipline
In the event of a breach of the rules, the employer can use disciplinary measures. This mainly involves a warning, with the strongest instrument being termination with immediate effect.
C) Staff-related rights
This includes the classification, grading, reclassification, promotion and termination of employment (termination of contract) of the employee.