Labor law

All employment relationships in Hungary are governed by the Hungarian Labour Code. It applies to everyone who works in Hungary, regardless of their country of origin or nationality. It also lays down the rights and obligations of employers and employees.

Employee rights

A) Right to a minimum wage

This means that a full-time worker (more than 36 hours a week) cannot earn less than:

A worker in a job requiring at least secondary education or secondary vocational qualification is entitled to a so-called guaranteed minimum wage, which is higher than the former minimum wage:

The minimum wage is set by law (government decree) each year.

B) Right to paid leave

All workers are entitled to a minimum of 20 days of basic leave per year. In addition, extra days off are granted depending on age, number of children and type of work.

C) Right to a safe working environment

The employer must ensure that the worker is able to work in conditions that are safe and without risk to health.

These include adequate protective equipment, sufficient rest time, sufficient and not overburdened staff, and a safe environment.

D) Right to terminate

All workers have the right to terminate their employment. This can be done in three ways:

  • Termination: in this case, consent is not required, there does not need to be agreement between the parties to terminate. 
  • Termination with immediate effect: this applies if one of the parties seriously breaches its contractual obligations or engages in conduct incompatible with the employment relationship. In all cases, reasons must be given in writing. 
  • Mutual agreement: in this case, the employee and the employer decide jointly to terminate the employment relationship.


The notice period is set out in the employment contract, but it cannot be less than 30 days, except in the case of immediate termination.

E) Right to paid overtime

Overtime is work in addition to normal working hours, which can only be ordered by the employer in justified cases and is subject to very strict rules. For overtime, the worker is entitled to a 50% bonus on top of his/her normal pay. 

Overtime may be ordered only if it does not exceed the total working time worked.

Overtime should not normally exceed 250 hours per year.

Employee obligations:

The employee must

Employer's rights

The right to manage an employee

This means that the employer can control, instruct and regulate the employee’s behaviour during the work period.

Disciplinary law

In the event of non-compliance, the employer can use disciplinary measures. This mainly involves a warning, the most powerful of which is extraordinary dismissal.

Staff rights

This includes the classification, grading, reclassification, promotion or termination of employment (termination of contract) of an employee.

Obligations of the Employer

The employer must