Residency and Employment

In Hungary, workers are required to have a work permit depending on their nationality and status.

You do not need a work permit in the following cases:

However, it is necessary in the following cases:

The most important offices and institutions when it comes to working in Hungary:

National Directorate General for Alien’s Policing (NDGAP)

The National Directorate General for Alien’s Policing is the apex body handling issues related to the residence of foreign nationals arriving in Hungary. There are 7 regional directorates and 24 branches in the country receiving foreign clients.

NDGAP’s main tasks are:

In relation to employment, the NDGAP is the body that issues residence permits for work purposes and also deals with the administration of temporary protection.

The NDGAP can be reached at:

Government Offices

Government Offices are the territorial administrative bodies of the Hungarian Government. There are 19 offices and one Budapest office in, which are further divided into a total of 197 district offices. These are the ones where you can find the so-called “government windows” (kormányablak), where you can deal with everything from obtaining various IDs and documents to submitting applications in an integrated and centralized way. Here, for example, you can apply for a tax ID number, which is a prerequisite for employment (see the section on Tax ID for more information).

Department of Employment

The most important department in the government agencies from the point of view of employment is the Department of Employment, Employment Inspection and Labour Protection. This is where most employment-related matters can be handled. Here, for example, foreign workers are issued with the so-called Labour Requirement Permit, which is essential for employment in the country (see the section on the Residence permit for the purpose of employment for more information). In addition, the department also carries out inspections of problematic workplaces

National Health Fund Management Agency (NEAK)

The NEAK is the top body of the Hungarian health insurance system, also issues the Social Insurance Identification Number (TAJ-number). For more information on the social security number, see the subpage on Certificates and Documents,

Contact

1. Residence Permit for the purpose of employment

A work permit is a single permit that allows you to apply for both residence and work in Hungary. It is very important that the residence is only valid as long as the work contract is valid, i.e. as long as the worker is working in the position for which the permit was applied for .

Who is eligible to apply?

Third-country nationals who wish to reside in our country for work purposes. This permit is not required for nationals of Member States of the European Union and the European Economic Area

Where can you apply?

As a general rule, an application must be made before entry and the move can take place after a positive decision. The application has to be submitted at the Hungarian embassy or consulate of the country of departure. However, there are exceptional cases where an application can be made from Hungary at the National Directorate General for Aliens’ Policing (NDGAP/OIF).

These cases can be the following:

The application for the permit is made jointly with the employer.

The application process and necessary documents:

1. The employer submits a labor demand

The employer submits an online application to the Employment Department of the relevant Government Office for the position in question. In this application, the employer specifies the exact position to be filled, the qualifications, language- and other skills required. If this application is successful, the recruitment process for the foreign national can continue.

2. Job offer

A job offer, provided by the prospective employer and signed by both parties, is the most basic requirement for submitting the application, as it is the proof of the purpose of the stay. This is formally known as prior consent to employment.

The following must be included in this agreement:

3. Required Annexes: Proof of conditions of residence in Hungary

The applicant for a residence permit for the purpose of employment must prove that the basic conditions of their stay in Hungary are met. In practice, this means four things:

A) Financial Conditions

To do this, you must prove that you have the financial means to stay in Hungary, and you can cover the expenses incurred during the stay in the country.

How can it be proved?

B) Accommodation

This requires proof that the employee’s place of residence in Hungary is secure, i.e. that there is a place where they can live until the end of the employment contract.

How to prove this?

C) Health-care

Here, you must prove that you are covered by health insurance. Since you cannot have a valid social security number at the time of entry, valid private health insurance is required.

D) Conditions of entry

In this section, you must prove that the conditions for traveling to Hungary are met.

How can you prove that?

Other necessary certificates:

How long is this residence permit valid for?

A maximum of two years, however it can be extended.

Temporary Protection and employment

Most refugees arriving in our country from Ukraine are granted so-called ‘Temporary Protection Status’. This provides the advantage that people can be employed without a work permit until their status is valid.

However, the fact that a work permit is not required does not mean that there is nothing to do about employment. The employer has a notification obligation to the Employment Department of the Government Office, which can be fulfilled by sending the B1 notification form online.

Tolerated status and employment

Reception status is granted to people who cannot be recognised as refugees or as beneficiaries of protection, but who would be at risk if returned to their country of origin. Since the outbreak of the war in Ukraine, it is mostly granted to Ukrainian citizens who were already in Hungary before the outbreak of the war but whose residence permit for other purposes has expired.

The employment of Persons with tolerated status is subject to authorisation, but in this case only the application for a work permit is required.

Residence permit for the purpose of studies

Such residence permit holders are typically studying in Hungarian higher education, and the primary purpose of their stay is to continue their studies. However, in their case it is also possible to work without a work permit.

However, there are limits to this in terms of time:

Seasonal employment of citizens from visa-free third countries

Under the current government regulations, immigrants from these countries can be employed in our country without a permit for 90 days. 

These countries are:

In addition, so-called certified lenders and priority employers from these countries can import and employ workers with simplified administration. In practice, this means that they can start working immediately upon arrival and apply for a work permit from within Hungary. These companies fall into this category:

Certified leneders:

The list of priority employers can be reached here.

Employment of refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection:

In these two cases, the employment itself does not require a permit, but, as with the temporary protection status, the employment must be reported to the Labor Department of the relevant Government Office.

Employment of people with residence permit for the purpose of family reunification

In this case, employment is also possible through a single application. The process is the same as for the residence permit for the purpose of employment. If you somebody wishes to establish an employment relationship, they must notify the National Directorate General for Alien’s Policing of their intention to do so.